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    From Adoption to Disuse: Investigating the Factors Influencing ​ Disuse of Smart Technologies in Older Adults​
    (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2024-02-08) Gleaton, Emily C.
    The purpose of this poster was to elucidate the qualitative research findings about why older adults adopt and subsequently discontinue using conversational agent technology.
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    A symbiotic philosophy for bio-inspired robotics
    (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2024-03-27) Moore, Talia
    Humans have frequently looked to natural phenomena to inspire the design of art, structures, and mechanisms. However, there are as many different ways to learn from nature as there are words for this approach: bioinspiration, biomimicry, and biodesign to name a few. In this talk, I propose a taxonomy for categorizing distinct biodesign approaches and use examples from my own research to illustrate the methodology and benefits of each. In particular, I introduce the field of Animal-Robot Interactions and describe how bio-inspired approaches can be used to further biological inquiry while advancing robotics.
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    INTRODUCING strauss: A FLEXIBLE SONIFICATION PYTHON PACKAGE
    (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2023-06) Trayford, James W. ; Harrison, Chris M.
    We introduce strauss (Sonification Tools and Resources for Analysis Using Sound Synthesis) a modular, self-contained and flexible Python sonification package, operating in a free and open source (FOSS) capacity. strauss is intended to be a flexible tool suitable for both scientific data exploration and analysis as well as for producing sonifications that are suitable for public outreach and artistic contexts. We explain the motivations behind strauss, and how these lead to our design choices. We also describe the basic code structure and concepts. We then present output sonification examples, specifically: (1) multiple representations of univariate data (i.e., single data series) for data exploration; (2) how multi-variate data can be mapped onto sound to help interpret how those data variables are related and; (3) a full spatial audio example for immersive Virtual Reality. We summarise, alluding to some of the future functionality as strauss development accelerates.
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    Critical AI literacy with children: in pursuit of fair and inclusive technology futures
    (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2024-03-14) Sharma, Sumita
    Children interact with Artificial intelligence (AI) in various direct and indirect ways, yet, there is limited research on the impacts of AI on children. Further, these studies mainly focus on cultivating, nurturing, and nudging children towards technology use and design, without promoting critical perspectives towards AI. For intance, there is little discussion with children on the limitations, inherent biases, and lack of diversity in current design and development of AI, and on critical examination of the ethical aspects of technology use, design, inherent limitations, and consequences of these on children and society at large. In this talk, I will present my work on critical AI literacy with young children, sharing lessons from hands-on workshops with children in Finland, India, and Japan.
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    Foley Scholar Winner and Finalists Presentations Spring 2024
    (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2024-03-07) Bhat, Karthik Seetharama ; Narechania, Arpit ; Pendse, Sachin ; Riggs, Alexandra Teixeira
    Foley Scholar Award Winner: Envisioning Technology-Mediated Futures of Care Work, Karthik Seetharama Bhat. Caregiving is a universal activity that is receiving increasing attention among technologists and researchers in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic. Emerging technologies like conversational AI, augmented and virtual reality, and smart homes have all been described as potentially revolutionary technologies in care work, intended to automate and transform the overall care experience for caregivers and care recipients. However, such promises have yet to translate to successful deployments as these technological innovations come up against socioculturally situated traditions of care work that prioritize human connection and interaction. In this talk, I will share empirical studies looking into how formal care workers (in clinical settings) and informal care workers (in home settings) reconcile technology utilization in care work with sociocultural expectations and norms that dissuade them. I will then discuss possible technology-mediated futures of care work by positing how emerging technologies could best be designed for and integrated into activities of care in ways that unburden care workers while ensuring quality care.
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    From State Space Control to Intelligent Machines: A Five-Decade Journey in Mechanical Systems Control
    (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2024-03-06) Tomizuka, Masayoshi
    Masayoshi Tomizuka joined the Mechanical Engineering Department of UC Berkeley in 1974 after obtaining a PhD from MIT in the same year. It was an exciting time for someone in the field of dynamic systems and control. The 1960’s – 1970’s was the period when the state space control theories blossomed such as maximum principle, dynamic programming, Lyapunov stability, Kalman filtering, Linear Quadratic Gaussian Control and stability based adaptive control theory. At the same time, computer/information technology has made phenomenal advances during the period. At MIT Tomizuka used IBM1130 (with a card reader and printer) and a PDP-8 mini-computer. When he joined UC Berkeley, the campus mainframe computer was a CDC (Control Data Corporation) 6000 series computer, and the lab computer was PDP-7, which was upgraded to PDP-11, LSI-11, etc. The control program at Berkeley covered from both theory to implementation, and it was followed by many other schools. The1970’s was the time when a new generation of mechanical systems showed up; IBM introduced the Winchester Hard Disk Drive in 1973 and the FANUC Corporation was established in 1972. Tomizuka's laboratory, Mechanical Systems Control (MSC) Laboratory, naturally evolved to a group to study both mathematical and implementation aspects of controls. The current research emphasis of the MSC Laboratory is on intelligent industrial robots and autonomous driving. Several representative current projects will be introduced.
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    Increasing Awareness of Human Biases during Visual Data Analysis using Visual and Haptic Feedback
    (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2024-02-08) Narechania, Arpit ; Paden, Jamal ; Endert, Alex
    Human biases impact the way people analyze data and make decisions. Women denied C-suite promotions (gender bias), ailing but younger people denied optimal treatment (age bias), dark-skinned people denied parole (racial bias), etc. are examples of biases rampant in the world. Visual data analysis tools such as Tableau and Excel help users see and understand their data but do not report potential biases exhibited by users (e.g., an overemphasis on the Age attribute). Existing research tools have explored visual means (e.g., highlighting the Age attribute to appear darker than other attributes) to increase users' awareness about (biased) analytic behaviors. We believe that using a single, "visual" modality to present such information is a passive type of guidance that only burdens the user's perception skills, which are already engaged to perform the analysis task. We investigate how a more active type of guidance, a combination of "visual" and "haptic" modalities, can better guide the user. We present a visual data analysis system, wired to a haptic gaming mouse. This enhanced system tracks a user's interactions with data and presents them back via haptic feedback (e.g., "buzz"es or vibrates the mouse whenever bias is detected). Through an exploratory user study, we find that these dual guidance modalities can sometimes actively stimulate and engage the user's attention, making them more aware of their analytic behaviors. However, we also find that the haptic feedback can also distract the user, informing the design of future multimodal guidance-enriched user interfaces.
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    Before the First Three: Reckoning with Tech’s History and Realizing A Better Future
    (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2024-02-28) Bolton, Samantha ; Brinson, Alexandra ; Manning, Karen ; McGee, Alexandra ; Nwasike, Adaiba C. ; Onyia, Chisomebi B. ; Trotman, Camille
    The Library and the Library Engagement and Inclusion Council invites you to learn about the uncovering of a student’s family history at segregation-era Georgia Tech and the Archives' role in restoring the true story of desegregation at the Institute. Join Karen Manning, Engagement and Inclusion Librarian, Georgia Tech student and member of the Organization for Social Activism (OSA) Samantha "Sam" Bolton, University Archivist Alex McGee, Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL) Diversity Resident Alex Brinson, plus invited guests from Student Government Association and the NAACP for a discussion reflecting on the greater history of Georgia Tech prior to 1961. From there, they will explore the recent past, present, and the outlook for history and accountability -- including the shortcomings and significant progress for students and the institution.
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    The Nonlinear Population Dynamics Underlying Taste Perception and Action
    (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2023-10-30) Katz, Donald B.
    We study the neural ensemble dynamics of sensori-motor processes in awake rodents, combining behavior, multi-neuronal electrophysiology, complex analysis and modeling, pharmacology and optogenetics to probe ongoing spiking activity in real-time. Our goal is to eventually move our understanding of this activity forward to the point at which it can be understood online, in single trials, and without reference to external benchmarks (stimulus onset time, for instance) that the animal doesn’t actually know. The cornerstone of our work involves examination of the neural responses to gustatory (taste) stimuli, which are unique in their reliable non-arbitrariness: a gustatory stimulus hits the tongue laden with meaning—each causes an emotional response (yum or yuck), and each causes a behavior (consumption or rejection); much of our research plumbs these processes. Furthermore, the potency of taste stimuli is such that rats quickly learn about their properties—whether they poison or nourish—and readily learn ABOUT visual and auditory stimuli that are PAIRED with them. We study these processes as well…a pursuit which has led us into some experiments that don’t involve taste at all.