Master of City and Regional Planning

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Publication Search Results

Now showing 1 - 10 of 579
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    The Northeast Georgia Inland Port and Carbon Emissions due to Ground Transportation in Georgia: An Ode to Rail Transportation
    (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2024-04) McDonald, Asha
    This applied research paper examines the projected difference in carbon emissions caused by the construction of the Northeast Georgia Inland Port in Gainesville, GA.
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    Planning for a Climate Driven Implementation of Mobility Hubs on Georgia Tech’s Campus
    (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2023-12) Murali, Malavika
    Mobility hubs are an efficient and effective transportation solution that promotes connectivity and provides last-mile modal options for commuters and residents through integrating multi-modal transportation infrastructure in one convenient transitional space. In addition to encouraging place-making efforts and transforming cities with innovative technologies, mobility hubs are foundationally a strategy for addressing the climate change crisis, which is substantially driven by transportation related carbon and carbon-equivalent emissions. Therefore, a focus on a climate driven implementation of mobility hubs is pertinent to accomplishing the goal of reducing carbon emissions and creating resilient transportation infrastructure. This paper provides a case study analysis of best practice strategies for implementing mobility hubs from three institutions across the United States, which informs a review of Georgia Tech's plans for improving mobility on campus as outlined by the 2023 Comprehensive Campus Plan (CCP). This analysis is used to determine what elements are critical to creating resilient, sustainable, and accessible mobility hubs and to propose a climate driven approach to implementing the mobility plans of the institution. Through this analysis, 14 locations are identified for potential mobility hubs throughout campus that incorporate 11 sustainability and accessibility elements which are detailed in the paper.
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    Towards a Safer Atlanta: Identifying High-Priority Intersections for Leading Pedestrian Intervals
    (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2023-12) Mase, Heather
    This study addresses the critical issue of pedestrian safety and the need to prioritize safety interventions in the City of Atlanta. It specifically focuses on leading pedestrian intervals (LPIs), which adjust signal timing to give pedestrians a head start when crossing the street at intersections. While traditional safety analyses rely primarily on historical collision data, this analysis takes a systemic and proactive approach to safety by incorporating risk factors such as roadway characteristics, the surrounding built environment, and socioeconomic characteristics of nearby residents. The primary objective of this research is to determine where LPIs should be implemented in the City of Atlanta by ranking and identifying high-risk intersections. The methods comprise of six major steps: (1) factor selection; (2) data collection; (3) database construction; (4) calculation of factor weights, using the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP); (5) factor normalization and aggregation, involving scaled scores and weighting; and (6) determination of the final signalized intersection ranking for LPI implementation, based on a rank-order prioritization process. Results from this analysis reveal that many of the highest risk intersections are primarily concentrated around Downtown Atlanta and West Atlanta. The proposed data-driven framework provides a comprehensive and systematic approach to guide decision-makers and safety advocates in directing resources and support to intersections with the greatest need for pedestrian safety intervention. Overall, this research contributes to the advancement of safety, sustainability, and equity in the City of Atlanta.
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    America’s Gayborhoods: A Study in the Cultural Preservation of LGBTQ+ Communities
    (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2023-12) Brennan, Laurence
    In recent years, Atlanta, GA has seen a boon in development, catapulting housing demand and prices, particularly in its densest and most desirable neighborhoods. The Midtown neighborhood’s Garden District, commonly referred to as the ‘Gayborhood’ is one such place where long-time residents are being pushed out. The exodus of queer trailblazers combined with an influx of new, heteronormative populations in dense new high rises, dilutes the proportion of LGBTQ+ anchor residents who patronized the shops and cafes that served as the backbone of this community. This exploratory effort reviews literature and research from other studies and governmental entities and conducts a comparative analyses of planning interventions that other U.S. cities have used as tools toward cultural preservation. This analysis, identifies policies, ordinances, or other successful practices of stewarding the heritage of identity-based places, to prevent further erasure of Atlanta’s LGBTQ+ enclaves.
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    Beyond Bouncing Back: Resilient Planning Documents and Disruptive Events in Small Coastal Towns of the Southeastern United States (Apalachicola, Florida Case Study)
    (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2023-10) Wells, K.P.
    The purpose of this report is to study the comprehensive plan of a small, coastal town in the southeastern US in order to study how these cities, which are often overlooked in planning literature, adapt their planning documents to enhance resilience in the aftermath of disruptive events such as climate change, natural disasters, public health emergencies and technological disasters.
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    Explore pedestrian route choice preferences by demographic groups: analysis of street attributes in Chicago
    (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2023-05-15) Lieu, Seung Jae
    Traditional transit accessibility models often overlook travel behavior and fine-grained transit characteristics experienced during first and last-mile walking. Existing models typically assume travelers choose the shortest walking path to minimize travel time, but studies suggest pedestrians do not always follow this pattern. This study investigates pedestrian route choice preferences in Chicago, Illinois, using a diverse dataset of home-based work walking trajectories collected from a smartphone application. The impact of street attributes on route choice is examined, and a comparison is made of how built environment factors influence preferences among different demographic groups. A path-size logit model with a constrained enumeration approach-based choice set is employed for analysis. This study also addresses two gaps in pedestrian route choice research. First, unlike most studies that use data constrained to a particular study area or limited participant groups, this research employs a diverse dataset of actual walking trajectories covering a wide range of destinations and participant profiles. Second, this study utilizes GPS data, offering more accurate route choice analysis compared to questionnaires. Such surveys may suffer from recall bias, and they may not capture route choice variability across different times and days. The findings from this study indicate that factors such as distance, the number of amenities and establishments, sky visibility, greenery, and park accessibility along the route significantly influence route choice. While route distance and the number of establishments have a negative impact on preference, other factors positively affect route selection. To compare the effect of each variable across gender, age, and income, this study has operationalized the coefficients to use the concept of ‘equivalent walking distance.' This measure quantifies the incremental disutility resulting from various route attributes, represented as an equivalent increase or decrease in walking distance. The analysis shows that male pedestrians are more willing to walk further when there is greater sky visibility. Similarly, individuals aged over 30 years old tend to walk longer distances with increased sky visibility. Notably, we found no significant variables influencing route choice among different income groups.
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    Commercial property undervaluation in Fulton County, Georgia: Determinants of appraisal error using ANOVA testing
    (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2023-05) Knight-Scott, Ethan
    Property taxation forms a pillar in the U.S. system of public spending, but policymakers in Georgia have expressed increasing concern that commercial properties are being under appraised. Underappraisal would lead to a loss of government revenue to spend on public projects and social well-being. To analyze the extent of underappraisal, I use a dataset collected by Georgia Tech’s Urban Research Group from CoStar of 2,015 properties appraised in Fulton County, Georgia between 2015 – 2020. I find that the median commercial property is appraised for nearly half – 57% – of what the property eventually sells for. After running a series of one way ANOVA tests, I conclude that property use and property value are significant potential determinants of commercial property underappraisal. Time-related variables are also significant, suggesting a need to better control for underlying economic and financial changes in a future regression model.
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    Exploring Urban Agroforestry as Multifunctional Green Infrastructure in Atlanta, Georgia
    (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2023-05)
    Flooding, increasingly less isolated to riverine or coastal cities, has become an increasingly daunting challenge for urban areas in recent years. Additionally, residents in economically distressed areas face food insecurity because of a lack of access to fresh, nutritious produce or similar groceries. While superficially unrelated, both flooding and food insecurity pose critical threats to the stability and wellbeing of urban communities. For city planners and policy makers alike, these “wicked problems” require an equally wicked, novel solution in the form of urban agroforestry (UAF). UAF has recently emerged as a unique tool for tackling these urban problems while serving as a bridge between food systems and hazard mitigation planning. Integrating “working trees” into existing green infrastructure or developing new sites with forms of edible green infrastructure can become a crucial step in creating multifunctional landscapes in urban environments. This paper explores agroforestry as a novel, multifunctional green infrastructure solution in urban environments by determining the stormwater absorption, filtering, and interception capacities of different agroforestry practices, assessing their food production potential, and then identifying suitable sites for pilot projects through Atlanta, Georgia.
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    The economy geography of assisted living homes: examining the locations, demographics, considerations, and trends of the assisted living home industry in Georgia
    (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2023-05) Yang, Jeremy
    There is a lack of literature on the location and characteristics of assisted living homes and their residents, a fact that means many local governments do not prioritize them and assisted living developers must rely on industry trends for their location. Assisted living homes provide both housing and economic impact upon communities, and allow for a needed service for elderly citizens. This paper covers the characteristics and defining factors of assisted living homes, as well as mapping the assisted living homes and analyzing their locational distribution within the state off Georgia, to gain a better glimpse of the industry and better understand prohibitive locational factors. Finally, a survey of assisted living home administrators is analyzed to provide new findings on the constituency, preferences, and town-home interactions within towns of varying sizes in Georgia.
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    Nihonbashi Retail Space and Shopping Activity Research: Daily and Pandemic
    (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2023-05) Xie, Yan
    This article explores the built environment and usage patterns of three major retail spaces in the Nihonbashi area, Tokyo Metropolitan Area, Japan. By analyzing GPS based foot traffic and venue data, the study investigates changes in people's consuming activity and preferences for department stores, convenience stores, and supermarkets in a day, a week, and draw two different retail landscape in common and pandemic periods. The results of this study provide insights into the transformation of retail spaces in response to changes in consumer behavior and preferences in the pandemic era and offer practical guidance for urban planners and designers seeking to create resilient and adaptable commercial spaces.