Development of an Open Rotor Propulsion System Model and Power Management Strategy

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Clark, Robert A.
Perron, Christian
Tai, Jimmy C. M.
Airdo, Benjamin
Mavris, Dimitri N.
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The development of an open rotor propulsion system architecture model and fuel burn-minimizing power management strategy is investigated. The open rotor architecture consists of a single-rotor open rotor (SROR) connected to the low speed shaft of a traditional turbojet engine in a puller configuration. The proposed architecture is modeled in the Numerical Propulsion System Simulation (NPSS) tool, and performance is evaluated across a complete flight envelope typical for a narrow body commercial airliner. Rotor performance maps are generated using a custom blade element momentum theory (BEMT) code, while compressor performance maps are created using CMPGEN. The performance of the overall propulsion system is detailed in the context of a notional 150 passenger aircraft mission, and a method for scheduling rotor power across the flight envelope is developed in order to minimize aircraft mission fuel burn. It is demonstrated that the power absorbed by the rotor can be optimized by scheduling rotor blade pitch angle versus fan speed. A power management technique using the optimal blade pitch angle at only six points in the flight envelope was shown to provide significant computational benefits without sacrificing any fuel burn when compared to a method using a schedule generated from data across the complete flight envelope.
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