Analysis Of Infrastructure Investments And Jobs Act, Federal Compliances, Issues And Determining A Framework Of Resources For Compliance Management

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Aggarwal, Ayush
Ashuri, Baabak
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The Infrastructure Investments and Jobs Act (IIJA) is a historic legislation bipartisan bill that has empowered the infrastructure development agencies with grants to undertake capital projects to meet the infrastructural needs of the USA. The study presents an analysis of the funding with around a fifth of the funding dedicated to the roads, bridges, and other major projects segment. The study sheds light on the tenets and objective of the government spending and also presents programs and grants available. It further elaborates on how these grants are classified as formula and discretionary and explains the fundamental differences in these granting methods. The study analyzes public data to determine the breakdown of the funding for the available formula grants. Chapter 3 of the study elaborates on the grant lifecycle to elaborate and educate the reader on the grant lifecycle from pre-award to post-award compliance requirements. The literature review and professional seminars indicated the lack of development of internal controls regarding federal compliance requirements by local public agencies and non-conventional grant recipients have hampered the agencies from accessing such funding opportunities. Therefore, this study highlights the major compliance areas required for federal participation in highway transportation construction projects. The study highlights the matrices published by the government for funding opportunities, and subsequently highlights the challenges with the compliance requirements. 5 challenges were recognized and subsequently 14 general compliance areas were identified for non-conventional entities to develop their internal controls and procedures. 11 federal compliance areas were identified where such compliance requirements might arise in the federally aided projects. These 11 areas are elaborated for the compliance requirements and subsequently chapter 8 provides tools and existing resources for development of such compliance requirements for the departments. Chapter 9 of the study recognizes 11 existing frameworks of resources that can be leveraged by the agencies for management of the federal compliance requirements. The summary of the existing frameworks like the USDOT Technical assistance programs and Local Technical Assistance programs will guide the readers toward the correct and relevant information regarding the compliance areas. Finally, this research while elaborating and highlighting federal compliance requirement management for the local public agencies highlights the need for a dynamic compliance navigator tool that integrates the available public resources by various organizations to streamline the federal compliances and enhance safety, quality and integrity of the project. The streamlined compliance navigator will aid the government in this massive undertaking of infrastructural development and deliver the projects On Time and on Budget.
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