Silva, Carlos

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Now showing 1 - 3 of 3
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    Exciton-Polaron Spectral Structures in Two-Dimensional Hybrid Lead-Halide Perovskites
    (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2018-06-29) Neutzner, Stefanie ; Thouin, Félix ; Cortecchia, Daniele ; Petrozza, Annamaria ; Silva, Carlos ; Kandada, Ajay Ram Srimath ; Georgia Institute of Technology. School of Chemistry and Biochemistry ; Georgia Institute of Technology. School of Physics
    Owing to both electronic and dielectric confinement effects, two-dimensional organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites sustain strongly bound excitons at room temperature. Here, we demonstrate that there are nonnegligible contributions to the excitonic correlations that are specific to the lattice structure and its polar fluctuations, both of which are controlled via the chemical nature of the organic countercation. We present a phenomenological yet quantitative framework to simulate excitonic absorption line shapes in single-layer organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites, based on the two-dimensionalWannier formalism.We include four distinct excitonic states separated by 35 ± 5 meV, and additional vibronic progressions. Intriguingly, the associated Huang-Rhys factors and the relevant phonon energies show substantial variation with temperature and the nature of the organic cation. This points to the hybrid nature of the line shape, with a form well described by a Wannier formalism, but with signatures of strong coupling to localized vibrations, and polaronic effects perceived through excitonic correlations. Our work highlights the complexity of excitonic properties in this class of nanostructured materials.
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    Stable Biexcitons In Two-Dimensional Metal-Halide Perovskites With Strong Dynamic Lattice Disorder
    (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2018-03-08) Thouin, Félix ; Neutzner, Stefanie ; Cortecchia, Daniele ; Dragomir, Vlad Alexandru ; Soci, Cesare ; Salim, Teddy ; Lam, Yeng Ming ; Leonelli, Richard ; Petrozza, Annamaria ; Kandada, Ajay Ram Srimath ; Silva, Carlos ; Georgia Institute of Technology. Georgia Institute of Technology. School of Chemistry and Biochemistry ; Georgia Institute of Technology. School of Physics
    With strongly bound and stable excitons at room temperature, single-layer, two-dimensional organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites are viable semiconductors for light-emitting quantum optoelectronics applications. In such a technological context, it is imperative to comprehensively explore all the factors—chemical, electronic, and structural—that govern strong multiexciton correlations. Here, by means of two-dimensional coherent spectroscopy, we examine excitonic many-body effects in pure, single-layer (PEA)2PbI4 (PEA = phenylethylammonium). We determine the binding energy of biexcitons—correlated two-electron, two-hole quasiparticles—to be 44 ± 5meV at room temperature. The extraordinarily high values are similar to those reported in other strongly excitonic two-dimensional materials such as transition-metal dichalcogenides. Importantly, we show that this binding energy increases by ∼25% upon cooling to 5 K. Our work highlights the importance of multiexciton correlations in this class of technologically promising, solution-processablematerials, in spite of the strong effects of lattice fluctuations and dynamic disorder.
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    Exciton Polarons in Two-Dimensional Hybrid Metal-Halide Perovskites
    (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2021-10-12) Silva, Carlos ; Georgia Institute of Technology. Institute for Electronics and Nanotechnology ; Georgia Institute of Technology. School of Chemistry and Biochemistry
    While polarons --- charges bound to a lattice deformation induced by electron-phonon coupling --- are primary photoexcitations at room temperature in bulk metal-halide hybrid organic-inorganic perovskites (HOIP), excitons --- Coulomb-bound electron-hole pairs --- are the stable quasi-particles in their two-dimensional (2D) analogues. Here we address the fundamental question: are polaronic effects consequential for excitons in 2D-HIOPs? Based on our recent work, we argue that polaronic effects are manifested intrinsically in the exciton spectral structure, which is comprised of multiple non-degenerate resonances with constant inter-peak energy spacing. We highlight measurements of population and dephasing dynamics that point to the apparently deterministic role of polaronic effects in excitonic properties. We contend that an interplay of long-range and short-range exciton-lattice couplings give rise to exciton polarons, a character that fundamentally establishes their effective mass and radius, and consequently, their quantum dynamics. Given this complexity, a fundamentally far-reaching issue is how Coulomb-mediated many-body interactions---elastic scattering such as excitation-induced dephasing, inelastic exciton bimolecular scattering, and multi-exciton binding---depend upon the specific exciton-lattice coupling within the structured excitation lineshape. We measure the intrinsic and density-dependent exciton dephasing rates of the multiple excitons and their dependence on temperature by means of two-dimensional coherent excitation spectroscopy. We find that diverse excitons display distinct intrinsic dephasing rates mediated by phonon scattering involving different effective phonons, and contrasting rates of exciton-exciton elastic scattering. These findings establish specifically the consequence of distinct lattice dressing on exciton many-body quantum dynamics, which critically define fundamental optical properties that underpin photonics and quantum optoelectronics.