International Physical Internet Conference

Series Type
Event Series
The International Physical Internet Conference aims to provide an open forum for researchers, industry representatives, government officials and citizens to together explore, discuss, introduce leading edge concepts, methodologies, recent projects, technological advancements,start-up initiatives, for current and future Physical Internet implementation.Conference topics include Logistics Nodes, Logistics Networks, System of Logistic Networks, Access and Adoption, Governance.
Associated Organization(s)
Associated Organization(s)
Organizational Unit

Publication Search Results

Now showing 1 - 10 of 41
  • Item
    GPICS a framework to create a digital twin for the Physical Internet
    (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2021-06) Cipres, David ; Capella, Alberto ; Polo, Lorena ; Ramon, Jose L. Lopez ; ITAINNOVA (Instituto Tecnologico de Aragon)
    The GPICS (Generic Physical Internet Case Study) framework has been developed within the ICONET (New ICT infrastructure and reference architecture to support Operations in future PI Logistics NETworks) project. It is a methodology for designing and evaluating supply networks through PI. GPICS is a conceptual framework that is generated as an abstraction of different Living Lab cases and generic industrial scenarios. It is formed based on six interrelated dimensions. GPICS modelling is designed to allow the composition of a generic PI network through reusable modelling components and rules, via appropriate configuration, these components can represent different types of supply chain flows. The six interrelated dimensions range from the necessary modelling components and base configuration rules (Modelling Kit) to the scenario definition/parameterization capabilities (based on operational rules, business models and vertical and horizontal collaboration strategies between the different roles in the supply chain), including Master Data Sets, that concern and are relevant for a Geographical Area within the EU. As mentioned above, the GPICS also includes a set of benchmark KPIs for the assessment of different PI scenarios, based on a different combination of the configuration capabilities of these scenarios. The network is represented by using a virtual simulation model. A multi-agent simulation model is used to create a digital twin of the supply network, utilizing GPICS main components and integrated with ICONET’s PI services. The virtual model contains a general representation of the main nodes and their interconnections. It creates a representation of the main flows of freights in a PI network. It can include transports from different companies, with different restrictions. The simulation model developed is a tool that helps companies to visualize how the movement of products over a PI network can be, including flows from other companies. The virtual models are used to quantify the impact of the different services. Economic (transport and handling costs), operational (reducing lead time) and environmental (CO2 emissions) indicators have been obtained in different living labs. The description of two use cases developed in the project is included.
  • Item
    Digital Twin Design Requirements for Durable Goods Distribution in Physical Internet
    (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2021-06) Campos, Miguel ; Derhami, Shahab ; McGinnis, Leon F. ; Montreuil, Benoit ; Barenji, Ali ; Georgia Institute of Technology. Physical Internet Center ; Georgia Institute of Technology. H. Milton Stewart School of Industrial & Systems Engineering ; Binghamton University. School of Management
    Today the practice for distributing large products manufactured at few original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) consists of a dedicated Point-to-Point (PtP) logistics system, typically requiring long haul transport from the factory to the wholesale destination. A growing problem is the shortage of commercial drivers willing to be away from home for several days to move products cross-country. Hub relay network logistics systems are an alternative solution to P2P logistics systems that allow reducing drivers' away-from-home times. Operating a relay-based logistics system requires accounting for multiple interrelated operational decisions that become more complicated as the system becomes larger and encompasses more players. To deal with such complexity we propose utilizing a digital twin of the distribution and logistics system as a decision-making support tool to manage the system and make operational decisions efficiently. This paper explores the design and assessment of a hyperconnected relay network of transport hubs supporting the movement of durable goods from factory to wholesale destinations. It describes requirements and challenges in developing and implementing a digital twin for such systems.
  • Item
    5G Enabled Video Analytics for Detecting Container Seals in Port Operations
    (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2021-06) Basaras, Pavlos ; Antonopoulos, Markos ; Katsaros, Konstantinos V. ; Kanellopoulos, Giannis ; Tsagalas, Stavros ; Amditis, Angelos J. ; Institute of Communications and Computer Systems (ICCS) ; Piraeus Container Terminal S.A.
    This article is focused on port control, logistics and remote automation, and aims at detecting the presence/absence of seals at cargo containers. The proposed use case is realized by developing a novel computer vision algorithm for the task at hand, enabled as far-edge computing services on board 5G connected Internet of Things (IoT) devices. The proposed service adopts key enabling technologies of the 5G ecosystem such Network Functions Virtualization (NFV) with MAnagement and Network Orchestration (MANO) support for (automated) lifecycle management of the various service components. The service and overall architecture can be deployed on commodity servers to facilitate interoperability across heterogeneous ports, at low cost. Our results, based on real datasets obtained from the Piraeus port operations illustrate that the subject computer vision approach can achieve up to about 94% accuracy for detecting the presence of absence of container seals.
  • Item
    Autonomous and interconnected technologies for the container supply chain: The MOSES Concept
    (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2021-06) Ventikos, Nikolaos P. ; Louzis, Konstantinos ; Kanellopoulos, Ioannis ; Krikigianni, Eleni ; Latsa, Evangelia ; Hagesteijn, Gerco ; Cozjin, Hans ; Broek, Hans ; National Technical University of Athens. School of Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering ; SEAbility ; Marin ; TNO ; i-BOTICS
    The maritime branch of the EU container supply chain is configured as hub-and spoke networks where large containerships transport cargo to Deep-Sea Shipping (DSS) ports and a limited number of Short Sea Shipping (SSS) feeder lines and container trucks on RoPax vessels distribute cargo to smaller ports for further transhipment. However, economically, environmentally, and socially unsustainable land-based transportation still covers most of the cargo transhipment from Hub ports. MOSES aims to significantly improve the modal shift to SSS by creating sustainable feeder services to small ports that have limited or no infrastructure (Figure 1). This will be achieved by developing the following highly automated/autonomous technologies and integrating them in existing operational processes: i) a digital collaboration and matchmaking platform (MOSES platform), ii) an innovative, green feeder vessel with a robotic container handling system, iii) a manoeuvring and docking scheme where autonomous tugboats collaborate with an automated mooring system. MOSES Matchmaking platform proposes a solution where data feeds from various sources allow logistics stakeholders to optimise and adjust routing plans, bringing the PI one step closer to the targets set for 2030 and 2040.
  • Item
    Design of a Simulation-Based Experiment for Assessing the Relevance of the Physical Internet Concept for Humanitarian Supply Chains
    (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2021-06) Grest, Manon ; Inan, Mahmut Metin ; Cohen, Yaarit M. ; Barenji, Ali ; Dahan, Mathieu ; Lauras, Matthieu ; Montreuil, Benoit ; Center of Industrial Engineering, University of Toulouse, IMT Mines Albi, France ; Georgia Institute of Technology. Physical Internet Center ; Georgia Institute of Technology. Supply Chain and Logistics Institute ; Georgia Institute of Technology. H. Milton Stewart School of Industrial & Systems Engineering ; Georgia Institite of Technology. Center for Health and Humanitarian Systems
    The challenges faced in delivering relief items to victims of natural disasters and the growing external pressures urge humanitarian supply chain organizations to initiate some change. In this regard, the physical internet concept can offer a paradigm shift in relief organization and resource mobilization. To convince humanitarian actors to embrace this path, we propose a rigorous methodology leveraging a prototypical agent-oriented discrete-events simulator built within the AnyLogic platform, to conduct scientific experiments enabling to investigate the suitability and relevance of PI concepts for HSCs by systematically quantifying their benefits and drawbacks on HSC performance, sustainability, and resilience. We provide preliminary experimental results contrasting the baseline shaped by the current HSC structures, behaviors and practices, notably relative to sourcing, transporting, and warehousing, with those of hyperconnected HSCs in line with the Physical Internet at distinct degrees of maturity. In the experiment, we study past disaster scenarios that occurred in Indonesia and response efforts under different behaviors simulated with this platform. Initial results show that PI concepts are smoothly fitted to HSCs and the performance of hyperconnected HSCs is better than the current baseline.
  • Item
    Optimising Container Transports in Collaborative Roundtrip Scenarios
    (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2021-06) Prandtstetter, Matthias ; Brandstätter, Georg ; Krasel, Lukas ; Austrian Institute of Technology. Center for Energy
    Within this paper, we discuss the importance of combinatorial optimisation problems arising in the context of the Physical Internet. We focus on one specific problem originating in one of the four demonstration pilots of the Austrian PhysICAL project which develops and demonstrates four best practice examples to path the way to the Physical Internet. It will be shown that the Collaborative Roundtrip Problem is similar to the well-known machine scheduling problem. Conclusions are drawn with respect to the computation solution approach as well as the importance with respect to the implementation of the Physical Internet.
  • Item
    Enhancing Logistics Demand Prediction Accuracy Through Client–Vendor Provider Hyperconnected Data Ensembles
    (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2021-06) Pan, Xinyue ; Pothen, Ashwin ; Boerger, Jana ; Wang, He ; Montreuil, Benoit ; Georgia Institute of Technology. Physical Internet Center ; Georgia Institute of Technology. Supply Chain and Logistics Institute ; Georgia Institute of Technology. H. Milton Stewart School of Industrial & Systems Engineering
    In this paper, we present a hyperconnected data ensemble framework under the Physical Internet (PI) paradigm. As the current world is more volatile, uncertain, complex and ambiguous than before, it is well known that today’s logistics and supply chain management (LSCM) is facing greater difficulties and the idea of PI is introduced as a solution to the logistics sustainability grand challenge. PI aims to achieve significant logistics system efficiency and sustainability improvement through universal interconnectivity and smart open coordination. Meanwhile, PI will facilitate data sharing among supply chain parties. Instead of traditional data sharing by integrating datasets in common cases, we suppose that the hyperconnected data ensembles require as minimal data as possible. With the utilization of aggregated information, such as the overall activity forecast, the hyperconnected data ensembles can enhance the accuracy of the logistic demand prediction while preserving data privacy. A framework of logistics demand prediction with hyperconnected data ensembles is established and results of some experiments conducted based on the framework support our hypothesis that the demand prediction accuracy can be increased by integrating the forecast data that clients are willing to provide.
  • Item
    Towards an open and neutral data sharing infrastructure – sharing state information
    (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2021-06) Hofman, Wout ; Out, Mitchell ; Romer, Hasse ; TNO ; Dutch Customs Administration ; Ericsson
    Data sharing is essential, not only for the realizing the Physical Internet, but also for efficiency – and effectiveness improvements of both business – and regulatory processes. Improved effectiveness of regulatory processes will contribute to seamless goods flows. This paper introduces a way of data sharing in supply and logistics with Linked Data. Data stays at the source and basically only links to that data are shared. Applying Linked Data requires additional functionality from a (cyber-)security perspective like Identification, Authentication, and Authorization (IAA) and nonrepudiation. This type of functionality is already applied in supplied and logistics, but only in a limited case within framework contract relations. Supporting data sharing in an open organizational network with resilient, agile, and compliant supply and logistics chains requires to implement these mechanisms. This contribution will also reflect on the way the required functionality is implemented by current platforms and solutions.
  • Item
    Assessing the potentialities of Physical Internet for Developing Countries Last Mile deliveries
    (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2021-06) Ban, Sam ; Dan, Andreea ; Guinet, Félix ; Portanguen, Julien ; Srang, Sarot ; Lauras, Matthieu ; IMT Mines Albi ; Institute of Technology of Cambodia. Industrial and Mechanical Engineering Department
    Developing countries are so particular as transports are often saturated, infrastructures are in poor condition and the demand is growing so fast. In such a context, the studied research question is: Does Physical Internet (PI) can improve the Last-Mile delivery performance in developing countries? And if so, how and how-much? To start answering this, the paper develops a quick literature analysis of PI solutions to identify which paradigms could bring added value to developing countries. Then, it presents a dedicated simulation-driven method able to assess the potential benefits and limits of applying PI to this specific situation. A Cambodian field-oriented case is finally presented as a very first ongoing experiment to validate the approach and a set of insights regarding further research able to deliver concrete recommendations for both practitioners and scholars is given.
  • Item
    Towards a self-organizing logistics system: identifying the value of SOLs for different stakeholders and transition-phases
    (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2021-06) Quak, Hans ; van Kempen, Elisah ; de Vries, Janneke ; TNO ; Breda University of Applied Sciences ; RSM Erasmus university
    The way the logistics system is organized has to change in order to be sustainable in the long term on an economic, environmental and social level. A more self-organizing logistics system (SOLs) could deal with external factors such as decarbonization requirements, developments in automation and digitization, connectivity and more demanding end receivers. We combine the insights of two practical studies on self-organizing logistics (SOLiD and SOLport). Next, by using a value proposition canvas we identify the opportunities and challenges on the transition-path towards a more SOL system. To move in the direction of such a system of connected networks, and eventually towards a Physical Internet (PI), it is important to examine the barriers for players in the current logistics system. Although a SOL system might relieve pains of, or create gains for other stakeholders, the question remains what stakeholder from what role needs to take initiative towards the transition to a more SOL system. The concise analysis in this contribution suggests that, without such a stakeholder, it might be very likely that we end up in (a number of competitive) closed networks that are dominated by stakeholders that have a strong position in the existing logistics system.