Control limitation analysis for dissipative passive haptic interfaces

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Gao, Dalong
Book, Wayne J.
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This research addresses the ability of dissipative passive actuators to generate control effects on a passive haptic interface. A haptic display is a human-machine interface that constructs a sensation of touch for the human operator. Applications can be found in various industries, space, medicine and construction etc. A dissipative passive haptic display contains passive actuators that can remove energy from the system by resisting motions in the system. The advantage of a dissipative passive haptic display is better safety compared to an active display. Its disadvantage is the limited control ability from the passive actuators. This research starts with the identification of the control ability and limitations of dissipative passive haptic interfaces. The ability is identified as the steerability, the ability to redirect motions of a manipulator. The force generation analysis of each individual actuator is then selected as an approach to evaluate the steerability. Steerability metrics are defined to evaluate the steerability. Even though non-redundant manipulators dont have desired steerability, optimal steering configurations are found for the best operation. Steerability is improved by redundancy in serial or parallel structures. A theorem is developed to evaluate steerability for redundant manipulators. The influence of system dynamics on their steerabilities is discussed. Previously developed haptic interfaces are evaluated based on their steerabilities. Steerability analysis of three-dimensional haptic interfaces is also given to a limited extent as an extension of the two-dimensional cases. Brakes and clutches are the two types of dissipative passive actuators in this research.
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