Signal Detection Strategies and Algorithms for Multiple-Input Multiple-Output Channels

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Waters, Deric Wayne
Barry, John R.
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In todays society, a growing number of users are demanding more sophisticated services from wireless communication devices. In order to meet these rising demands, it has been proposed to increase the capacity of the wireless channel by using more than one antenna at the transmitter and receiver, thereby creating multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) channels. Using MIMO communication techniques is a promising way to improve wireless communication technology because in a rich-scattering environment the capacity increases linearly with the number of antennas. However, increasing the number of transmit antennas also increases the complexity of detection at an exponential rate. So while MIMO channels have the potential to greatly increase the capacity of wireless communication systems, they also force a greater computational burden on the receiver. Even suboptimal MIMO detectors that have relatively low complexity, have been shown to achieve unprecedented high spectral efficiency. However, their performance is far inferior to the optimal MIMO detector, meaning they require more transmit power. The fact that the optimal MIMO detector is an impractical solution due to its prohibitive complexity, leaves a performance gap between detectors that require reasonable complexity and the optimal detector. The objective of this research is to bridge this gap and provide new solutions for managing the inherent performance-complexity trade-off in MIMO detection. The optimally-ordered decision-feedback (BODF) detector is a standard low-complexity detector. The contributions of this thesis can be regarded as ways to either improve its performance or reduce its complexity - or both. We propose a novel algorithm to implement the BODF detector based on noise-prediction. This algorithm is more computationally efficient than previously reported implementations of the BODF detector. Another benefit of this algorithm is that it can be used to easily upgrade an existing linear detector into a BODF detector. We propose the partial decision-feedback detector as a strategy to achieve nearly the same performance as the BODF detector, while requiring nearly the same complexity as the linear detector. We propose the family of Chase detectors that allow the receiver to trade performance for reduced complexity. By adapting some simple parameters, a Chase detector may achieve near-ML performance or have near-minimal complexity. We also propose two new detection strategies that belong to the family of Chase detectors called the B-Chase and S-Chase detectors. Both of these detectors can achieve near-optimal performance with less complexity than existing detectors. Finally, we propose the double-sorted lattice-reduction algorithm that achieves near-optimal performance with near-BODF complexity when combined with the decision-feedback detector.
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