Multiple-Input Multiple-Output Wireless Systems: Coding, Distributed Detection and Antenna Selection

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Bahceci, Israfil
Altunbasak, Yucel
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This dissertation studies a number of important issues that arise in multiple-input multiple-out wireless systems. First, wireless systems equipped with multiple-transmit multiple-receive antennas are considered where an energy-based antenna selection is performed at the receiver. Three different situations are considered: (i) selection over iid MIMO fading channel, (ii) selection over spatially correlated fading channel, and (iii) selection for space-time coded OFDM systems. In all cases, explicit upper bounds are derived and it is shown that using the proposed antenna selection, one can achieve the same diversity order as that attained by full-complexity MIMO systems. Next, joint source-channel coding problem for MIMO antenna systems is studied and a turbo-coded multiple description code for multiple antenna transmission is developed. Simulations indicate that by the proposed iterative joint source-channel decoding that exchanges the extrinsic information between the source code and the channel code, one can achieve better reconstruction quality than that can be achieved by the single-description codes at the same rate. The rest of the dissertation deals with wireless networks. Two problems are studied: channel coding for cooperative diversity in wireless networks, and distributed detection in wireless sensor networks. First, a turbo-code based channel code for three-terminal full-duplex wireless relay channels is proposed where both the source and the relay nodes employ turbo codes. An iterative turbo decoding algorithm exploiting the information arriving from both the source and relay nodes is proposed. Simulation results show that the proposed scheme can perform very close to the capacity of a wireless relay channel. Next the parallel and serial binary distributed detection problem in wireless sensor networks is investigated. Detection strategies based on single-bit and multiple-bit decisions are considered. The expressions for the detection and false alarm rates are derived and used for designing the optimal detection rules at all sensor nodes. Also, an analog approach to the distributed detection in wireless sensor networks is proposed where each sensor nodes simply amplifies-and-forwards its sufficient statistics to the fusion center. This method requires very simple processing at the local sensor. Numerical examples indicate that the analog approach is superior to the digital approach in many cases.
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