Fragility Methodology for Performance-Based Engineering of Wood-Frame Residential Construction

dc.contributor.advisor Ellingwood, Bruce R.
dc.contributor.author Li, Yue en_US
dc.contributor.committeeMember French, Steven
dc.contributor.committeeMember Jacobs, Laurence
dc.contributor.committeeMember White, Donald
dc.contributor.committeeMember Zureick, Abdul-Hamid
dc.contributor.department Civil and Environmental Engineering en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2006-01-18T22:13:09Z
dc.date.available 2006-01-18T22:13:09Z
dc.date.issued 2005-08-19 en_US
dc.description.abstract Hurricanes and earthquakes have caused extensive property damage to wood-frame residential construction in the past two decades in the United States. In order to improve residential building performance and mitigate losses from hurricane and earthquake hazards, there is an urgent need for better understanding of building performance and improvements in design and evaluation tools. In this study, a fragility analysis methodology is developed for assessing the response of light-frame wood construction exposed to extreme hurricane winds and earthquakes. The fragility is a conditional limit state probability, presented as a function of the 3-second gust wind speed (hurricanes) or spectral acceleration at the fundamental period of the building (earthquakes), leading to a relation between damage state probability and the hazard stipulated in ASCE Standard 7. A fully coupled probabilistic framework is proposed to assess reliability of the residential construction through convolution of the structural fragility model with hazard models. Finally, a comparative risk assessment addresses the similarities and differences in competing hurricane and earthquake hazards. The tools above can be used to evaluate new and existing building products, model the uncertainties that are inherent to the prediction of building performance, and manage the risk that is consequent to these uncertainties economically en_US
dc.description.degree Ph.D. en_US
dc.format.extent 1602268 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1853/7465
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher Georgia Institute of Technology en_US
dc.subject Wood construction en_US
dc.subject Building
dc.subject Earthquakes
dc.subject Fragility
dc.subject Hurricanes
dc.subject Structural reliability
dc.title Fragility Methodology for Performance-Based Engineering of Wood-Frame Residential Construction en_US
dc.type Text
dc.type.genre Dissertation
dspace.entity.type Publication
local.contributor.corporatename School of Civil and Environmental Engineering
local.contributor.corporatename College of Engineering
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 88639fad-d3ae-4867-9e7a-7c9e6d2ecc7c
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 7c022d60-21d5-497c-b552-95e489a06569
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