Title:
Investigation of RTP and Belt Fired Screen Printed AL-BSF on Textured and Planar Back Surfaces of Silicon Solar Cells

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Meemongkolkiat, Vichai
Hilali, Mohamed M.
Rohatgi, Ajeet
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Abstract
Quality of screen printed (SP) Al-BSF on textured and planar back surfaces was assessed by fabricating and analyzing Si solar cells. BSF was formed by firing SP-Al in a conventional belt furnace as well as in an RTP system. I-V and IQE measurements revealed that the BSF formed on a textured surface by belt firing had the poorest quality. Belt BSF on the planar back resulted in 15 mV higher V(oc). In contrast to the belt BSF, RTP BSF was superior and showed very small difference (≤ 5 mV) between the flat and textured back cells. The positive effect of RTP is attributed to much higher temperature ramp-up rate which produces uniform Al melting and reduces the influence of surface condition. In contrast, slow ramp-up in belt produces non-uniform BSF even on a planar surface. This effect gets worse on textured surfaces.
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2003-05
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