Biology and Germ Warfare

dc.contributor.author Spencer, Chrissy en_US
dc.contributor.corporatename International Society for the Study of Medievalism en_US
dc.contributor.corporatename Georgia Institute of Technology. Writing and Communication Program en_US
dc.contributor.corporatename Georgia Institute of Technology. School of Literature, Media, and Communication en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2013-01-25T19:46:37Z
dc.date.available 2013-01-25T19:46:37Z
dc.date.issued 2012-11-13
dc.description Presented on November 13, 2012 from 12:00 – 5:00 pm in the Student Success Center, Press Room B. en_US
dc.description Runtime: 28:46 minutes en_US
dc.description.abstract Biological or “germ” warfare among humans is an ancient battle tradition. Medieval European writings reveal evidence of biological warfare, such as poisoning well water with human remains (1155, Italy), catapulting plague victims into a besieged city (1346, Siege of Caffa), or mixing the blood of lepers with wine for sale to the enemy (1495, Italy) (reviewed in Reidel, 2004). In a contemporary account of the Siege of Caffa, Italian notary Gabriele de’ Mussi asserted that plague victims were catapulted inside the city walls as a deliberate form of biological warfare. He also assumes that Italians fleeing Caffa by ship carried the plague to port cities in the Mediterranean, thereby initiating a deadly pandemic called the Black Death, which was either bubonic plague or viral haemorrhagic fever (Duncan and Scott, 2005), in Europe. de’ Mussi’s second assertion has received criticism from modern scholars (Wheelis, 2002; Duncan and Scott, 2005), who contend that there were many other more probable causes of the Black Death pandemic. Whether or not the Black Death had its roots in biological warfare, the consequences of the pandemic were far-reaching, and decimated the European population while also causing human evolution that has ramifications for infections in the HIV pandemic of this era. en_US
dc.format.extent 28:46 minutes
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1853/46008
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Georgia Institute of Technology en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Tech Gets Medieval Symposium: How Medieval Technology Can Teach the Past
dc.subject Black Death en_US
dc.subject Pandemic en_US
dc.subject Human genetic variation en_US
dc.subject HIV en_US
dc.subject Biological warfare en_US
dc.subject Siege of Caffa en_US
dc.subject Catapult en_US
dc.title Biology and Germ Warfare en_US
dc.type Moving Image
dc.type.genre Presentation
dspace.entity.type Publication
local.contributor.corporatename School of Literature, Media, and Communication
local.contributor.corporatename Ivan Allen College of Liberal Arts
local.relation.ispartofseries Tech Gets Medieval Symposium
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relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication b1049ff1-5166-442c-9e14-ad804b064e38
relation.isSeriesOfPublication c1121ad2-6d39-4fa8-9180-abd9960942b8
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