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Li, Jing

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Grain size dependence of magnetic properties in shock synthesized bulk Pr₂Fe₁₄B/α-Fe nanocomposites

2004-09-15 , Jin, Z. Q. , Thadhani, Naresh N. , McGill, M. , Li, Jing , Ding, Yong , Wang, Z. L. (Zhong Lin) , Zeng, Hao , Chen, M. , Cheng, S.-F. , Liu, J. Ping

The structural and magnetic properties of the melt-spun Pr₂Fe₁₄B/α-Fe nanocomposite powders consolidated via shock-wave compression and subjected to postshock thermal treatment were investigated. Shock compression results in grain refinement, which leads to a reduction of an effective anisotropy and therefore an increase in the ferromagnetic exchange length, resulting in an enhanced exchange coupling in fully consolidated bulk magnets. A small amount of amorphous phase formed during the shock compression were observed to crystallize into Pr₂Fe₁₄B upon annealing above 600 °C. The heat treatment also results in the recovery of coercivity partially lost during the consolidation, which can be related directly to the dependence of the effective anisotropy on the grain size, as illustrated by the transmission electron microscopy observation of grain refinement in the shock-consolidated bulk samples. A uniform grain morphology is suggested as a means for further increasing the magnetic properties of bulk nanocomposites.

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Interface structures in FePt/Fe₃Pt hard-soft exchange-coupled magnetic nanocomposites

2003-05-26 , Li, Jing , Wang, Z. L. (Zhong Lin) , Zeng, Hao , Sun, Shouheng , Liu, J. Ping

Self-assembly of FePt and Fe₃O₄ nanoparticles of different sizes led to various FePt–Fe₃O₄ nanocomposites. Annealing the composite under reducing atmosphere at 650 and 700 °C induced magnetically hard FePt phase and magnetically soft Fe₃Pt phase. The FePt and Fe₃Pt phases were either linked by a common interface or coexisted within one grain as domains with sizes <10 nm. This ensures the effective exchange coupling of magnetically hard and soft phases. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy studies provide detailed structural characterization for the FePt based nanocomposites.

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Tailoring magnetic properties of core/shell nanoparticles

2004-08-02 , Zeng, Hao , Sun, Shouheng , Li, Jing , Liu, J. Ping , Wang, Z. L. (Zhong Lin)

Bimagnetic FePt/MFe₂O₄ sM=Fe,Cod core/shell nanoparticles are synthesized via high-temperature solution phase coating of 3.5 nm FePt core with MFe₂O₄ shell. The thickness of the shell is controlled from 0.5 to 3 nm. An assembly of the core/shell nanoparticles shows a smooth magnetization transition under an external field, indicating effective exchange coupling between the FePt core and the oxide shell. The coercivity of the FePt/Fe₃O₄ particles depends on the volume ratio of the hard and soft phases, consistent with previous theoretical predictions. These bimagnetic core/shell nanoparticles represent a class of nanostructured magnetic materials with their properties tunable by varying the chemical composition and thickness of the coating materials.

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Interparticle interactions in annealed FePt nanoparticle assemblies

2002-09 , Zeng, Hao , Li, Jing , Wang, Z. L. (Zhong Lin) , Liu, J. Ping , Sun, Shouheng

Thermal treatment of self-assembled FePt nanoparticles reduces the interparticle distances, resulting in dramatic changes in the type and strength of interparticle interactions. Consequently, magnetic properties such as the hysteresis and magnetization reversal mechanisms are strongly affected. It is suggested that controlled annealing of self-assembled nanoparticles may offer a novel approach for producing hard magnetic nanocomposites.

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Bulk nanocomposite magnets produced by dynamic shock compaction

2004-07-15 , Chen, K. H. , Jin, Z. Q. , Li, Jing , Kennedy, G. , Wang, Z. L. (Zhong Lin) , Thadhani, Naresh N. , Zeng, Hao , Cheng, S.-F. , Liu, J. Ping

Exchange-coupled R₂Fe₁₄B/α -Fe (R = Nd or Pr) nanocomposite bulk magnets with nearly full density have been successfully produced by shock compaction of melt-spun powders. X-ray diffraction and transmission electronic microscopy analyses of the shock-consolidated compacts showed no grain growth upon compaction, in fact, a decrease in the crystallite size of both the hard and soft phases was observed. As a consequence, magnetic properties were retained and even improved after compaction. Hysteresis loops of the shock-consolidated powder compacts showed a smooth single-phaselike behavior, indicating effective exchange coupling between hard and soft magnetic phases.