Rossignac, Jarek

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Now showing 1 - 6 of 6
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    Simulation of Bubbles in Foam With The Volume Control Method
    (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2007) Kim, Byungmoon ; Liu, Yingjie ; Llamas, Ignacio ; Jiao, Xiangmin ; Rossignac, Jarek
    Liquid and gas interactions often produce bubbles that stay for a long time without bursting on the surface, making a dry foam structure. Such long lasting bubbles simulated by the level set method can suffer from a small but steady volume error that accumulates to a visible amount of volume change. We propose to address this problem by using the volume control method. We track the volume change of each connected region, and apply a carefully computed divergence that compensates undesired volume changes. To compute the divergence, we construct a mathematical model of the volume change, choose control strategies that regulate the modeled volume error, and establish methods to compute the control gains that provide robust and fast reduction of the volume error, and (if desired) the control of how the volume changes over time.
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    Simulation of Bubbles and Liquid Films
    (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2006) Kim, Byungmoon ; Liu, Yingjie ; Llamas, Ignacio ; Rossignac, Jarek
    Liquid and gas interactions often contain bubbles surrounded by thin liquid films. Simulation of these liquid films is challenging since they quickly become thinner than the grid resolution, which leads to premature bursting or merging of the bubbles. We prevent this thinning process by applying a disjoining force to the film, obtaining bubbles that last much longer without bursting or merging. The surface tension on the liquid film is the next diffuculty. Since the level set is not differentiable at the center of the thin liquid film, the curvature computed from the level set gradient is noisy, and the thin liquid film ruptures quickly. To prevent this, we compute the surface tension from the local isosurface, obtaining long-lasting liquid films. However, since bubbles stay longer without bursting or merging, the volume loss of each bubble is noticeable. To solve this problem, we modify the pressure projection to produce a velocity field whose divergence is controlled by the proportional and integral feedback. This allows us to preserve the volume or, if desired, to inflate or deflate the bubbles. In addition to premature bursting and volume change, another difficulty is the complicated liquid surface, which increases memory and computational costs. To reduce storage requirement, we collocate the velocity and pressure to simplify the octree mesh. To reduce the computational complexity of the pressure projection, we use a multigrid method.
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    Advections with Significantly Reduced Dissipation and Diffusion
    (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2006) Kim, Byungmoon ; Liu, Yingjie ; Llamas, Ignacio ; Rossignac, Jarek
    Back and Forth Error Compensation and Correction (BFECC) can be applied to reduce dissipation and diffusion in advection steps, such as velocity, smoke density, and image advections. It can be implemented trivially as a small modification of the first-order upwind or semi-Lagrangian integration of advection equations. It provides second-order accuracy in both space and time and reduces volume loss significantly. We demonstrate its benefits on the simulation of smoke, bubbles, and interaction between water, a solid, and air.
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    FlowFixer: Using BFECC for Fluid Simulation
    (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2005) Kim, Byungmoon ; Liu, Yingjie ; Llamas, Ignacio ; Rossignac, Jarek
    Back and Forth Error Compensation and Correction (BFECC) was recently developed for interface computation by using the level set method. We show that it can be applied to reduce dissipation and diffusion encountered in various advection steps in fluid simulation such as velocity, smoke density and image advections. BFECC can be implemented easily on top of the first order upwinding or semi-Lagrangian integration of advection equations, while providing second order accuracy both in space and time. When applied to level set evolution, BFECC reduces volume loss significantly. We combine these techniques with variable density projection and show that they yield a realistic animations of two-phase flows. We demonstrate the benefits of this approach on the image advection and on the simulation of smoke, of bubbles in water, and of a highly dynamic interaction between water, a solid, and air.
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    Finger Sculpting with Digital Clay: 3D Shape Input and Output through a Computer-Controlled Real Surface
    (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2003) Book, Wayne J. ; Glezer, Ari ; Ebert-Uphoff, Imme ; Shaw, Christopher D. ; Rossignac, Jarek ; Allen, Mark G. ; Rosen, David W. ; Askins, Stephen Alexander ; Bai, Jing ; Bosscher, Paul Michael ; Gargus, Joshua ; Kim, Byungmoon ; Llamas, Ignacio ; Nguyen, Austina Nga ; Yuan, Guang ; Zhu, Haihong
    The NSF Digital Clay project is focused on the design, prototyping, integration, and validation of a computer-controlled physical device capable of taking any of a wide range of possible shapes in response to changes in a digital 3D model or to changes in the pressure exercised upon it by human hands. Although it clearly is a natural and unavoidable evolution of 3D graphical user interfaces, its unprecedented capabilities constitute a major leap in technologies and paradigms for 3D display, for 3D input, and for collaborative 3D design. In this paper, we provide an overview of the Digital Clay project and discuss the challenges, design choices, and initial solutions for a new Finger Sculpting interface designed for the Digital Clay and prototyped using conventional 3D I/O hardware.
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    Twister: A Space-Warp Operator for the Two-Handed Editing of 3D Shapes
    (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2003) Llamas, Ignacio ; Kim, Byungmoon ; Gargus, Joshua ; Rossignac, Jarek ; Shaw, Christopher D.
    A free-form deformation that warps a surface or solid may be specified in terms of one or several point-displacement constraints that must be interpolated by the deformation. The Twister approach introduced here, adds the capability to impose an orientation change, adding three rotational constraints, at each displaced point. Furthermore, it solves for a space warp that simultaneously interpolates two sets of such displacement and orientation constraints. With a 6 DoF magnetic tracker in each hand, the user may grab two points on or near the surface of an object and simultaneously drag them to new locations while rotating the trackers to tilt, bend, or twist the shape near the displaced points. Using a new formalism based on a weighted average of screw displacements, Twister computes in realtime a smooth deformation, whose effect decays with distance from the grabbed points, simultaneously interpolating the 12 constraints. It is continuously applied to the shape, providing realtime graphic feedback. The two-hand interface and the resulting deformation are intuitive and hence offer an effective direct manipulation tool for creating or modifying 3D shapes.