Kippelen, Bernard

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Now showing 1 - 4 of 4
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    Enhanced carrier mobility and electrical stability of n-channel polymer thin film transistors by use of low-k dielectric buffer layer
    (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2011-10) Kim, Felix Sunjoo ; Hwang, Do-Kyung ; Kippelen, Bernard ; Jenekhe, Samson A.
    Insertion of a low-k polymer dielectric layer between the SiO₂ gate dielectric and poly(benzobisimidazobenzophenanthroline) (BBL) semiconductor of n-channel transistors is found to increase the field-effect mobility of electrons from 3.6 × 10⁻⁴ cm²/Vs to as high as 0.028 cm²/Vs. The enhanced carrier mobility was accompanied by improved multicycling stability and durability in ambient air. Studies of a series of eight polymer dielectrics showed that the electron mobility increased exponentially with decreasing dielectric constant, which can be explained to result from the reduced energetic expense of charge-carrier/dipole interaction.
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    Metal-oxide complementary inverters with a vertical geometry fabricated on flexible substrates
    (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2011-10) Dindar, Amir ; Kim, Jungbae ; Fuentes-Hernandez, Canek ; Kippelen, Bernard
    We report on the fabrication of p-channel thin film transistors (TFTs) and vertically stacked complementary inverters comprised of a p-channel copper oxide TFT on top of an n-channel indium gallium zinc oxide TFT fabricated on a flexible polyethersulfone substrate. The p- and n-channel TFTs showed saturation mobility values of 0.0022 and 1.58 cm²/Vs, respectively, yielding inverters with a gain of 120 V/V. This level of performance was achieved by reducing the copper oxide channel thickness, allowing oxygen diffusion into the copper oxide layer at medium processing temperature (150 °C).
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    ITO-free large-area organic light-emitting diodes with an integrated metal grid
    (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2011-07) Choi, Seungkeun ; Kim, Sung-Jin ; Fuentes-Hernandez, Canek ; Kippelen, Bernard
    We report on ITO-free large-area organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) fabricated on glass substrates comprising α-NPD as a hole transport layer (HTL) and coevaporated CBP:Ir(ppy)3 as the emission layer. Indium-tin-oxide (ITO) was replaced with a conductive polymer electrode and an electroplated thick metal grid was used to improve the homogeneity of the potential distribution over the transparent polymer electrode. An electrical model of a metal grid integrated OLED shows the benefits of the use of metal grids in terms of improving the uniformity of the light emitted as the area of the OLED increases as well as the conductivity of the transparent electrode decreases. By integrating metal grids with polymer electrodes, the luminance increases more than 24% at 6 V and 45% at 7 V compared to the polymer electrode devices without a metal grid. This implies that a lower voltage can be applied to achieve the same luminance, hence lowering the power consumption. Furthermore, metal grid integrated OLEDs exhibited less variation in light emission compared to devices without a metal grid.