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ItemHybrid Material and Device Platforms for Reconfigurable Integrated Nanophotonics(Georgia Institute of Technology, 2018-11-27) Adibi, AliThe development of ultra-compact integrated nanophotonic structures for communications, sensing, and signal processing has been of great interest lately. Recent progress in the development of miniaturized high-Q microresonators has resulted in orders of magnitude reduction in the size of functional integrated photonic structures. The possibility of low-power tuning of the resonance features in these structures has made the formation of reconfigurable photonic structures possible. Among existing CMOS-compatible substrates, silicon (Si) and silicon nitride (SiN) have been used the most. Despite impressive progress in Si-based and SiN-based integrated photonics, neither substrate alone can be used for practical applications. Si (despite its good reconfigurability) suffers from strong nonlinear effects (especially at high light intensities) and relatively large free-carrier loss while SiN (with one order of magnitude lower loss and lower nonlinearity compared to Si) is very hard to tune. Thus, a reliable material system that combines ultra-loss-loss and high power handling with efficient and fast reconfigurability is of high demand in integrated nanophotonics. In this talk, the recent achievements in the development and optimization of hybrid multi-layer CMOS-compatible material systems (e.g., SiN/Si, multi-layer Si/SiO2, etc.) to address all the practical requirements of ultra-fast and ultra-compact integrated photonic structures will be discussed. Using these hybrid material systems, a series of ultra-compact and high-performance reconfigurable photonic devices and subsystems that are formed by using high Q resonators will be demonstrated. The use of these devices and subsystems for realization of densely-integrated reconfigurable photonic chips for signal processing and sensing applications will be discussed.
ItemDevelopment of a label free glycan arrays for the detection of prostate cancer(Georgia Institute of Technology, 2014-04) Adibi, Ali
ItemFunctional integrated phononic crystal structures for wireless applications(Georgia Institute of Technology, 2012-08) Adibi, AliThis NSF-supported research is directed toward realizing and characterizing two-dimensional (2D) periodic structures with embedded acoustic wave scatterers in a background solid slab for integrable acoustic wave devices for communications applications. To achieve this goal, as was suggested in our original proposal, our approach can be summarized in the following four categories: 1) Development of high performance fundamental PnC devices (cavities and waveguides) 2) Development of functional PnC slab devices based on the PnC slabs cavities and waveguides 3) Development of optimized fabrication processes for PnC structures 4) Characterization of PnC devices
ItemSelf-sustained gigahertz electronic oscillations in ultrahigh-Q photonic microresonators(Georgia Institute of Technology, 2012-05) Soltani, Mohammad ; Yegnanarayanan, Siva ; Li, Qing ; Eftekhar, Ali Asghar ; Adibi, AliWe report on theoretical and experimental observations of self-sustained fast [gigahertz (GHz)] electronic oscillations resulting from coupled electron-photon dynamics in ultrahigh-Q Si microdisk resonators with cw pumping. Our theoretical analysis identifies conditions for generating steady-state GHz oscillations while suppressing thermal oscillations [megahertz (MHz)] with submilliwatt input laser power. Such fast oscillations are tunable via changing the free-carrier (FC) lifetime of the resonator. Integrating a p-i-n diode with these high-Q resonators for controlling the FC lifetime promises the realization of an integrated voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO) in a silicon photonics chip.
ItemAzimuthal-order variations of surface-roughness-induced mode splitting and scattering loss in high-Q microdisk resonators(Georgia Institute of Technology, 2012-05) Li, Qing ; Eftekhar, Ali Asghar ; Xia, Zhixuan ; Adibi, AliWe report an experimental observation of strong variations of quality factor and mode splitting among whispering-gallery modes with the same radial order and different azimuthal orders in a scattering-limited microdisk resonator. A theoretical analysis based on the statistical properties of the surface roughness reveals that mode splittings for different azimuthal orders are uncorrelated, and variations of mode splitting and quality factor among the same radial mode family are possible. Simulation results agree well with the experimental observations.
ItemOn chip complex signal processing devices using coupled phononic crystal slab resonators and waveguides(Georgia Institute of Technology, 2012-03) Mohammadi, Saeed ; Adibi, AliIn this paper, we report the evidence for the possibility of achieving complex signal processing functionalities such as multiplexing/demultiplexing at high frequencies using phononic crystal (PnC) slabs. It is shown that such functionalities can be obtained by appropriate cross-coupling of PnC resonators and waveguides. PnC waveguides and waveguide-based resonators are realized and cross-coupled through two different methods of mechanical coupling (i.e., direct coupling and side coupling). Waveguide-based PnC resonators are employed because of their high-Q, compactness, large spurious-free spectral ranges, and the possibility of better control over coupling to PnC waveguides. It is shown that by modifying the defects in the formation of the resonators, the frequency of the resonance can be tuned.
ItemHybrid nanoplasmonic-photonic resonators for efficient coupling of light to single plasmonic nanoresonators(Georgia Institute of Technology, 2011-10) Chamanzar, Maysamreza ; Adibi, AliWe show that efficient coupling of lightwave is possible to an individual plasmonic nanoresonator in a hybrid plasmonic-photonic resonator structure. The proposed hybrid structure consists of a photonic microresonator strongly coupled to a plasmonic nanoresonator. The theory and simulation results show that more than 73% of the input power in the waveguide can be coupled to the localized resonance mode of the plasmonic nanoresonator.
ItemPassive all-optical polarization switch, binary logic gates, and digital processor(Georgia Institute of Technology, 2011-10) Zaghloul, Yasser A. ; Zaghloul, A. R. M. ; Adibi, AliWe introduce the passive all-optical polarization switch, which modulates light with light. That switch is used to construct all the binary logic gates of two or more inputs. We discuss the design concepts and the operation of the AND, OR, NAND, and NOR gates as examples. The rest of the 16 logic gates are similarly designed. Cascading of such gates is straightforward as we show and discuss. Cascading in itself does not require a power source, but feedback at this stage of development does. The design and operation of an SR Latch is presented as one of the popular basic sequential devices used for memory cells. That completes the essential components of an all-optical polarization digital processor. The speed of such devices is well above 10 GHz for bulk implementations and is much higher for chip-size implementations. In addition, the presented devices do have the four essential characteristics previously thought unique to the microelectronic ones.
ItemFully reconfigurable compact RF photonic filters using high-Q silicon microdisk resonators(Georgia Institute of Technology, 2011-08) Alipour, Payam ; Eftekhar, Ali Asghar ; Atabaki, Amir Hossein ; Li, Qing ; Yegnanarayanan, Siva ; Madsen, Christi K. ; Adibi, AliWe present a fully reconfigurable fourth-order RF photonic filter on SOI platform with a tunable 3-dB bandwidth of 0.9–5 GHz, more than 38 dB optical out-of-band rejection, FSR up to 650 GHz, and compact size (total area 0.25 mm²). The center wavelength of the filter can be tuned over a wide range with a power consumption of 10 mW/nm. The filter architecture uses a unit-cell based approach to realize the desired filter specifications. The use of high-Q resonator-based components enables a dramatic reduction in size, weight and power (SWaP) of each unit cell, with the possibility of cascading a large number of these unit cells on a single chip. Thermal reconfiguration allows for low insertion loss and therefore results in the scalability of these filters. The demonstrated filter can be used in many different applications including RF photonic front-ends and high speed optical A/D conversion.
ItemLabel-free flow cytometry using multiplex coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (MCARS) for the analysis of biological specimens(Georgia Institute of Technology, 2011-06) Camp, Charles Henry, Jr. ; Yegnanarayanan, Siva ; Eftekhar, Ali Asghar ; Adibi, AliWe present the first demonstration, to our knowledge, of a label-free flow cytometer for the analysis of biological specimens using multiplex coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (MCARS) and elastic scatter measurements. The MCARS system probes the Raman vibrational energy levels and the elastic scatter provides morphological information. We demonstrate these capabilities by probing a culture of Saccharomyces cerevisiae at 100 spectra/s and constructing a background-free Raman reconstruction using a Kramers–Kronig relation. A theoretical analysis shows that this system could operate at speeds of 10 kHz with appropriate hardware; thus facilitating integration into commercial flow cytometers or use as a high-speed, stand-alone device.