Levine, Aaron D.
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ItemAcademic entrepreneurship and state science policy: lessons from state support for stem cell research(Georgia Institute of Technology, 2011-06-30) Levine, Aaron D. ; Georgia Institute of Technology. Office of Sponsored Programs ; Georgia Institute of Technology. School of Public Policy ; Georgia Institute of Technology. Office of Sponsored Programs
ItemPolicy Considerations for States Supporting Stem Cell Research: Evidence from a Survey of Stem Cell Scientists(Georgia Institute of Technology, 2006-10) Levine, Aaron D. ; Georgia Institute of Technology. School of Public Policy ; Princeton University. Program in Science, Technology and Environmental PolicyFive states now provide funding for stem cell research and numerous states are developing or debating stem cell research policies. Yet despite this interest, few data exist to help policymakers design policies or forecast their impact. This article reports novel data from two surveys: one directed at those most affected by these policies - stem cell scientists themselves - and one at a group of biomedical researchers from less contentious fields. These data identified relatively high mobility among stem cell scientists, particularly those in states with restrictive policies, and a strong preference for states with permissive policies. These findings suggest state-specific policies may prove to be effective recruiting tools. They also suggest specific recruitment strategies and highlight the importance of first-mover advantage as several states compete to recruit from the same limited pool of mobile scientists. This research aims to provide a factual basis to support ongoing policy formulation in the area.
ItemAcademic Entrepreneurship and State Stem Cell Policy(Georgia Institute of Technology, 2011-09-17) Levine, Aaron D. ; Georgia Institute of Technology. School of Public PolicyEthical controversy over human embryonic stem cell research has led this field to be regulated by an atypically heterogeneous policy environment. This analysis takes advantage of one such area of heterogeneity, the presence or absence of revenue sharing requirements associated with the receipt of state stem cell grants, and draws on recently collected survey data to assess how revenue sharing requirements affect stem cell scientists entrepreneurial activity.