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Now showing 1 - 10 of 297
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    Retrofitting Suburbia's Missing Middle
    (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2020-05-04) Dunham-Jones, Ellen ; Bharadwaj, Aditi ; Doyle, George, IV ; Gao, Wanli ; Jassu, Joel ; Khalid, Emily ; Kroi, Eleni ; Kumar, Shreya ; Macbeth, Josh ; Wang, Jun ; College of Design ; School of Architecture ; Urban Design Program
    What if affordable, missing middle scale intergenerational housing and retrofitted intersections were designed to address the loneliness epidemic, autonomous vehicles, climate change, and the shrinking middle class? Four teams of graduate students received stakeholder input on their proposals to each of these topics at the intersection of By Pass Road and Jackson Highway where Covington, GA meets Newton County. The proposals are intended to assist Covington residents and those with similar suburban intersections envision how they might be relocalized to be more community-serving.
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    The Trace: San Diego
    (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2010) Thompson, Claire ; Combs, Jason ; Johnson, Louis ; Wilkinson, Luke ; King, Ben ; College of Design ; School of Architecture ; Urban Design Program
    Three overlapping systems exist within the context of the East Village site: The Geologic Setting is the most fundamental of systems San Diego sits atop the seam of two vast tectonic plates, the jagged movements of which have created the broken line of faults that lie beneath East Village. The Urban Framework was established unaware of the forces below. William Heath Davis and Alonzo Horton laid out the orthogonal grid of New Town San Diego in the latter half of the 19th century. It survives intact. Though such a grid of streets and blocks is a boon to city growth and flexible development, in some places its pattern is at odds with the geologic faults beneath it. One of these places is East Village. The Temporal Order is the ever-changing pattern of human inhabitants, their structures, and their activities, all of which fill the gridiron and make it their own. "The Market" is the expression of this pattern in the here and now. The time is ripe for human activity to re-inhabit East Village more fully, and change it once again to suite its needs. Not an obstacle, but an opportunity Yes, the geologic faults must be heeded in regards to future development. In some places streets and blocks cannot be used in the way that was originally intended. However, this does not mean a loss of utility. Instead, the trace of the faults becomes a framework upon which to build a system of open spaces. These open spaces, when designed correctly and surrounded with the proper uses, can be a catalyst to the revitalization of East Village.
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    Classical Architecture: The Cutting Edge
    (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2014-10-22) Greenberg, Allan ; College of Design ; School of Architecture
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    Machine Learning for Architects and Designers: Implementing Machine Learning into the Digital Design Process
    (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2021-02) Sebestyen, Adam ; College of Design ; School of Architecture ; Georgia Institute of Technology. College of Design ; Georgia Institute of Technology. School of Architecture
    In 1962, engineer Douglas Engelbart proposed overlapping the creative mind with artificial intelligence to create designs which could not be created by either entity alone (Engelbart 1962). Today Machine Learning (ML) has entered the public consciousness emerging as an important tool in many industries. Architects should understand these tools to be able to create new and innovative design ideas to meet complex design criteria. According to Hebron (2016) traditional design algorithms rely on the information programmed into the design software combined with a specific user input/workflow. These systems allow the computer program’s behavior to be defined as a finite set of rules that will behave in a predictable manner and thus conform to the programmer’s or user’s intentions. In comparison ML can detect patterns inside observed workflow data and provide mechanisms for imparting experiential knowledge upon computer systems. In the specific case of parametric design, rules are established by the user by defining a sequential step-by-step instruction set of geometrical operation tasks upon a set of input data. However, establishing these rules can be a time consuming and complex task. ML can help create those specific rules, if the user can define and provide the necessary input-date and desired output-data. This could lead to faster simulation and optimization methods, as well as the discovery of new parametric design rules. This paper aims to break down basic ML concepts and proposes how they could be implemented in the architectural digital design process. The focus will be put on supervised machine learning as a tool in aiding and complementing parametric design tasks. A prototype project will be showcased. The foremost aim of this paper is to lay out the hypotheses of how ML could be further implemented inside the digital design process. Further, an overview will be given of basic ML and parametric design principles, as well as demonstrating the need for architects and designers to implement ML in their design workflow.
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    Educating The Edge City: Anchoring a Mixed Use Neighborhood with a College Campus
    (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2010) Farr, Robert ; College of Design ; School of Architecture ; Urban Design Program
    A variety of uses are stronger when integrated together than apart. By integrating a community college into a mixed-use redevelopment of a strip mall, I am resolving two distinct problems: fragmentation in edge cities and the town-gown isolation of conventional campus planning. I propose that the design of a hybrid mixed-use public space and college quad condenses this dual problem into a singular social space. This will allow for a variety of people with different backgrounds and experiences to interact within a dynamic environment elevating both the college and the community.
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    The use of building integrated photovoltaics (BIPV) towards ultra energy efficient buildings
    (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2017-01-03) Kishore, Pranav ; Augenbroe, Godfried ; College of Design ; School of Architecture ; Architecture
    This study talks about the energy efficient buildings from demand side of management as well as supply side of management too. It mainly covers feasibility and challenges of BIPV integration in the buildings. This study can also be used for deciding that whether a dynamic simulation modeling is required about the feasibility of BIPV integration in a commercial building.
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    The flow of city life: An analysis of cinematography and urban form in New York and Los Angeles
    (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2016-01-14) Zook, Julie Brand ; Peponis, John ; Bafna, Sonit ; Leigh, Nancey Green ; Keating, Patrick ; Koch, Daniel ; College of Design ; School of Architecture ; Architecture
    This dissertation uses quantitative data on city cinematography and the morphological study of filming locations to identify how differences in ways of seeing cities, as shaped by cinematographic choices, are anchored both in differences in what is physically present as well as in differences in frameworks and expectations about what might be interesting or important to see. Four films are evaluated that are set in Los Angeles and New York, two cities recognized as paradigms in American urbanism: The Naked City (1948), The Long Goodbye (1970), Goodfellas (1990), and Pulp Fiction (1994). In general, the New York movies suggest the embeddedness of the individual in the city and its social life in ways tied closely to urban form, with the visual presentation of the street acting as an index to the position of the individual within the narrative. Los Angeles, by contrast, presents the city as a series of enclaves linked by infrastructure. The street as a sociologically relevant entity hardly exists, with the exception of a handful of chase scenes, as though only crisis can catalyze direct encounters with the streets of Los Angeles. Within individual movies, the depiction of city form reveals directorial idioms in the presentation of the narrative. The Naked City exploits corner shots to impart greater visual interest to the presentation of activity in the streets. The Long Goodbye shows the degradation of the distinction between public and private space as concurrent with a city form and culture that resists decoding. Goodfellas develops a grammar of views on the street that corresponds to the relationships of individual characters to overlapping social groups over time. Pulp Fiction mainly presents city locations as decontextualized to focus on dialogue and relationships, to sculpt urban form to meet the exigencies of the narrative, and to all the more powerfully introduce surprise. In the concluding chapter, the qualities of the city as presented in Goodfellas and Pulp Fiction and both of the cities are diagrammed and discussed relative to architectural precedents and ideas that might inform architectural design.
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    (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2014-10-15) Prince-Ramus, Joshua ; College of Design ; School of Architecture
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    (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2016-02-10) Barkow, Frank ; College of Design ; School of Architecture
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    Exploring spatial risk: The impact of visibility on ICU mortality
    (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2016-04-20) Ossmann, Michelle M. ; Zimring, Craig ; Bafna, Sonit ; Griffin, Paul ; Murphy, David ; Coopersmith, Craig ; College of Design ; School of Architecture ; Architecture
    The relationship between inpatient hospital layouts and a myriad of outcomes – noise, falls, patient experience of care, and mortality – continues to fascinate the clinical and architectural communities. Indeed, optimal patient visibility from nursing stations has long been a significant design consideration. Previous research focused on linear distance and frequency of visits between nurse stations and patient rooms, barriers to interaction (doors), and staff distribution in the workspace; the direct association with clinical outcomes was largely measured by proxy or inferred. The purpose of this dissertation study was to systematically investigate the association between visibility and ICU mortality with a three-pronged approach: (1) alternate visibility metrics and a theoretical extension, (2) introduction of a new variable - isovist connectivity, and (3) testing isovist connectivity meaning and significance against ICU patient mortality. Consistent with previous studies, poorly visible and connected rooms were independently associated with higher ICU patient mortality compared to highly visible and connected rooms. Furthermore, the poor rooms were not intuitively apparent while conforming to accepted practice, suggesting the need for robust spatial analysis to determine level of exposure.